We are talking about business initiatives. These can be projects and programmes, internal and external. Programmes are groups of projects, which are put together if a single project will not generate the benefits needed. The projects within a programmes are interconnected. They may have different matters, and be managed by different business units but they come together to generate the complete business change. What is necessary is to manage these projects as a group, in a coordinated manner. A simple example would be the installation of a new IT system and a training of staff to use that system. Two projects of different kinds but they need work together to make sense. Note that
What can be facilitated while building a programme? All important building blocks of a programme, starting from a vision of is to be achieved through the programme, a final operating model (aka blueprint), a business case, project set configuration and relationships, to the benefit mapping and profiling, including their values.